Scenography for a sustainable world
The world is mired in a seemingly inescapable climate change that, due to its severity, will lead to many changes in our way of life. Together with the pollution that plagues the planet, this alteration of the ecosystem is leaving certain consequences, some unfortunately already irreparable. Effects that have conditioned the existence of both animals and their habitat, as well as people and their environment. A paradoxical situation caused by the lack of empathy of the human being with the nature of which it feeds.
On the other hand, the energy crisis has also planted its apocalyptic seed in the scarce orchard of our resources. Prophesying a future in which precaution and restraint in pursuit of sustainability must lie under the obligation of commitment and responsibility to living beings. This crisis, born of scarcity, translates into an increase in the price of the supply of energy sources that give the world the modernity and comfort that we associate with it. Without these resources, we must work in a more sustainable environment with which to repair the damage and get the boat afloat.
Sustainability: Against the decline of the environment
Pollution cancer does not only affect air, water and land, in their most “basic” state of harmfulness. But there is also noise, light, thermal and even electromagnetic pollution, altering the natural course of the animals that suffer it and the well-being of the people who support them. The health of the planet is closely linked to the health of the beings that inhabit it. Ensuring their safety and permanence is simply a bet on life.
In its unhealthy state, air pollution can generate carcinogenic substances, leading to the risk of asthma or damage to the reproductive system. Likewise, the polluting elements that poison water or even soil affect the beings who need them to live. As is the case with the basic resource of water for all kinds of life, or of the earth with the plants and trees that grow from it.
Hence, the solution to many of the conflicts of this nature passes through the predictable modus vivendi of the human being. And at this point, which concerns us so much, sustainability comes on the board. A mode of development that seeks to meet current needs without eradicating the resources that will serve future generations. That is, the preservation of social welfare without compromising the environment. And that bears fruit in true examples of communion between home and environmentalism, as happens with bioclimatic architecture.
The values of a bioclimatic architecture
Bioclimatic architecture is a type of architecture whose objective is the design of homes adapted to the environment. By optimizing the consumption of natural resources, according to the climatic situation of the building or house, and seeking at all times the maximum energy savings. A practical solution to accommodate sustainability in the domestic space through the energies that already provide, for example, the sun or the wind.
In this regard, it is worth highlighting the so-called passive houses as a product of bioclimatic architecture. A type of construction with very low energy consumption that also provides the ideal temperature throughout the year. Approximately 25,000 such dwellings were registered in 2010, with a particular presence in Scandinavia and some German-speaking countries.
Since their function is also a standard of domestic sustainability, passive houses are not reduced to private use. They are also applicable in businesses, hospitals and other establishments. Diversifying its area of use for multiple spaces whose common purpose is to contribute to a more pleasant world.
Passive houses: Making home eden and example
Although in their primitive state, passive houses emerged in North America as an alternative to the oil crisis of the’ 70s, their standard originated around 1988 under the German term passivhaus. A conversation between Bo Adamson of Lund University and Wolfgang Feist of the Institute of Housing and the Environment was enough to give ideatic form to a first tacit drawing of this construction. Adding to this multiple studies and subsequent research that ended up designing and configuring what is now known as passive houses.
The concept of passivity that stands out from the term “passive house” is determined by its receptive character. In this sense, receiving natural external energy instead of generating or extinguishing it. Deepening its operation, a passive house takes advantage of solar radiation, insulation, ventilation and even the ground. It also completes its energy through renewable sources with photovoltaic panels or other methods.
The idea, therefore, is simple: to take advantage of everything that does not endanger the environment and, in turn, preserves it. A precise and generous formula that, despite its somewhat high cost, manages to reduce the future expenditure of the cost in other energies. Contributing to the much needed harmony that the planet needs from the first application that sustainability must have: individual responsibility and, therefore, that of the home itself.