To begin to understand the topic, we need to be clear about what it means that something is biodegradable and what it means that it is compostable
What does biodegradable mean?
The term biodegradable refers to a substance that can be degraded by biological action. This means that this substance will decompose as time passes and can thus be integrated into nature without damaging it. In this process, human participation is not necessary. This process can last depending on the material we are talking about, from a few weeks, to several years, but in all cases, at the end of the cycle it will become nutrient substances that can be integrated into nature, thus returning to the earth’s cycle.
What does compostable mean?
Compostable, on the other hand, refers to the biochemical decomposition of organic waste, whose final product is known by the name of humus, and is obtained artificially, since in this process if man participates. This type of materials then become organic fertilizer by the action of man.
The composting process can be carried out by an individual at home or by an industrial company with the help of machinery specialized in the so-called composting plants.
Thanks to this process it is possible to shorten the time it takes the material to become fertilizer. This is done with the help of chemicals and / or certain industrial techniques. These techniques are designed to shorten the times of the composting process, but also to achieve that the final product is rich in nutrients that crops need to grow fast and strongly.
To finish clarifying the issue
– A material is “biodegradable” when after being used it can be reintegrated into the chemical elements that compose it. The Biodegradation process is a natural process that occurs over the years.
– A material is “compostable” when, after its use, it can be converted into compost (organic fertilizer) thanks to the action of the human being that makes the times shorter and faster than the deadlines set by nature to biodegrade naturally.
It is valid the clarification that all compostable materials (those that can be transformed by the action of man quickly), are biodegradable (those that can also be transformed slowly through the action of nature itself).
Therefore, not all biodegradables are compostable.
An example of a material achieved for composting is Veruso Lino, a completely biodegradable and compostable wallpaper.
The company Papeles de los 70, specialized in ecological wallpaper, continues to surprise the market with quality products for all those people who love to decorate their homes and fundamentally, they maintain their commitment to conservation and respect for the environment.
Currently, wallpaper has again become a trend for decoration and essential in all homes, being one of the most sought after products on the internet to satisfy the fashion of dressing a wall, to attract attention or delimit a space; and even to cover the interior of a piece of furniture. It is the easiest way to renovate your home without having to do renovations or buy new furniture.
In the case of Veruso Lino, it is manufactured entirely with raw materials of plant origin that require a very limited amount of water to grow. With an innovative production, it comprises a needle felting combined with a hydro-interlacing process, resulting in an artisanal and ecological process, resulting in a product of the highest quality, composed of 65% linen and 35% viscose.
Presenting a commitment to ecology, in the material no artificial dyes are used, which leaves a warm and neutral natural tone. In the case of this ecological variant the use of vegetable fibers that are also partially visible on the paper, also make the result on any wall or surface provide an extra permanent contact with nature.
The goal of this material is sustainability for the walls, creating an endless biological cycle. That is to say, all the raw materials used in the product can be reused as many times as needed, something radically opposed to conventional recycling methods. If this wallpaper breaks down through composting, it releases valuable nutrients. The waste left by this paper becomes raw material for another product.
The flax with which this product is made is grown in the Normandy area, France. Flax fibers are the most suitable for wallpaper production, as they are bactericidal( that is, they kill bacteria); in addition to being almost completely antistatic and repel dirt.
For this type of paper to adhere to the wall, viscose is required. A supporting raw material to provide the necessary characteristics when combined with linen. They are the textile fibers of natural origin that are obtained from wood through the industrial manufacturing process, in addition, this wood comes from sustainable forest management and certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).
Other features that make this wallpaper interesting in addition to sustainability:
– Sound absorption: annoying noises are partially absorbed due to the consistency of the material
– Thermal insulation: the product has a thickness of about 0.5 mm. The air is trapped in the linen and viscose fibers, storing the thermal energy of the heated room.
– Humidity regulation: Like wood and many other materials made of vegetable fibers, it absorbs moisture from the room (steam), contributing to a better climate.
– Durable: the product guarantees durability.
– Low flammability: the product complies with the fire safety class, according to European regulations. The flame retardant effect is a consequence of the properties of natural materials, since the usual chemical additives are totally dispensed with.
– No health risk: the product has no health risk. It is made with organic linen and viscose. There are no other ingredients. It is completely free of vapors.