Viewing enabled and working providers on Linux with systemctl

By | August 13, 2021

A overwhelming majority of Linux programs nowadays are utilizing systemd – a collection of packages aimed toward managing and interconnecting completely different elements of the system. Systemd began changing the init course of again in 2014 and is now the primary course of that begins when most Linux programs boot. To get a fast peek, you possibly can run a command like this, which verifies that course of 1 is certainly systemd. On this method, two extra systemd processes are at present additionally working.

To see a little bit extra element, strive the command under. The clean inside the quotes is supposed to forestall associated processes like systemd-journald from exhibiting up within the checklist.

The primary course of listed (with –system) is the first systemd course of. The second and third are managing person (–user) periods. On this case, one is related to the GNOME show supervisor (gdm) and the opposite with a logged-in person.

If you happen to take a look at all working systemd processes, you are prone to see these. Every performs a job in managing system providers. For instance, system-journald collects and shops logging knowledge.



To view or management systemd providers, use the systemctl command. You’ll be able to view working processes with a command like this:

I added the systemctl | head -1 within the command above to supply column headings.

For systemd, the phrase “UNIT” refers to any useful resource that the system is aware of how you can function and handle. To checklist these which are enabled, you need to use a command like this:

Observe that “enabled” doesn’t suggest {that a} service is working. And “working” would not essentially imply that it is enabled. Every means one thing completely different. “Enabled” implies that the system will run the service on the following boot (whether or not or not it is working now). When you allow a service, you continue to have to manually begin it if you need it to run straight away, or you possibly can reboot the system and it’ll begin mechanically.

The “working” standing implies that the method is definitely working. If it is not additionally enabled, it will not restart once you reboot.

Within the instructions under, we are able to see that the online service is each enabled and working:

You’ll be able to view much more info associated to this service by asking for its standing:

Alternately, you possibly can merely decide whether or not a specific service is lively and/or enabled with instructions like these:

The systemctl command supplies completely different particulars on system processes than the ps command. The place ps solely lists processes that are working, systemctl lists which providers are recognized, which will be managed by systemd and whether or not providers are enabled.