Let’s look at the fundamental elements of a cloud computing infrastructure’s frontend and backend.First, the infrastructure for frontend cloud computing consists of:
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Clients can access their cloud workloads and services using the GUI. This might be a SaaS program like Microsoft 365 or Gmail. It might also be a web portal used to access IaaS resources or client-developed cloud software.
A local program that is downloaded and installed on the user’s device and used to access cloud services is referred to as client-side software. One such would be accessing email hosted on Microsoft 365 using the Outlook desktop client. Another option would be to access cloud-based EDA tools using a web browser (like Chrome or Firefox).
The networking hardware (such as switches and routers) that connects users to the internet so they can access cloud services is included in the client-side hardware. It also includes the actual devices (such as laptops and smartphones) that run the client-side applications.
Since the majority of it (laptops, internet connections, and desktop software) must be purchased and maintained by the customer, frontend cloud infrastructure is frequently referred to as “client-side infrastructure”. Clients aren’t always in charge of the GUI, though, especially when it comes to SaaS cloud computing.
Back-end components of cloud computing architecture are as follows:
The majority of the time, when people consider cloud infrastructure, they consider the underlying hardware that powers everything. This infrastructure consists of the actual hardware that cloud service providers operate, such as servers, storage devices, CPUs, routers, switches, load balancers, and power distribution units (PDUs). Data centers under provider control house this equipment. For redundancy and worldwide performance, the best cloud vendors have a large number of these data centers dispersed throughout the world.
Through virtualization, computing services and operations are separated from the underlying hardware. Through this method, service providers can host platforms and software for numerous clients on a single piece of hardware without anyone being able to view or use their services. IaaS products allow consumers to manage their cloud infrastructure through a user interface without having access to the underlying physical hardware thanks to virtualization.
Because the storage capacity made available to consumers is independent of the underlying storage hardware, cloud storage is another type of virtualization. As a result, an end user can quickly adjust their storage capacity on-demand without having to bother about purchasing and setting up extra storage devices. Public cloud storage virtualization allows the provider to distribute customer data over any accessible storage hardware, including hardware located in several data centers.
Infrastructure for cloud computing relies on networking logic, such as routing and load balancing, in addition to actual networking equipment. This reasoning might be connected to actual objects. Additionally, it could be virtualized with software-defined networking (SDN) or network function virtualization (NFV). The huge and intricate network architectures necessary to supply cloud services may be managed and optimized by providers more easily thanks to virtualization.
Access control, virus prevention, and firewalls are examples of security infrastructure.Following the shared responsibility approach, which divides responsibility for safeguarding cloud computing infrastructure between the client and the provider, is how cloud security is implemented. The service provider must protect the network infrastructure, the storage and computing systems, the applications, and the physical infrastructure (using devices like security cameras and door locks). The systems and infrastructure that clients use to access cloud services, as well as the applications they create and host on cloud infrastructure, must be secured.
Cloud-based EDA vendors like Synopsys give potent chip design tools that grow as needed using cloud computing infrastructure.